Wednesday, February 2, 2011

Bible Geography



By Kelly Granite Enck
While attending Bible College I put together a chronological history of the Bible.
I also bought a backpack and trekked through the Holy Land walking the steps of Jesus.
I wrote about my adventures in my memoir (Click link)— "From Hollywood to God" on Amazon and Kindle books.


The Garden of Eden
The Garden of Eden was within the fertile land between the Tigris and the Euphrates Rivers.
The Tigris River, is also known as the Hiddekel, 1180 miles in length and the Euphrates River is
1700 winding miles. They both join together for the last 120 miles before flowing into the Persian
Gulf, this river is known as the Shatt-Al-Arab. (Genesis 2:8-14)
Hiddekel was called by the Accadians id Idikla; i.e., “the river of Idikla,” the third of the four rivers of Paradise (Gen. 2:14).

Gesenius interprets the word as meaning “the rapid Tigris.”


The four rivers produced by the river of Eden: Pison, Gihon, Hiddekel, and Perath

(Euphrates) River - See: Genesis 2:10-14.


From Adam To Noah
The biblical record of life on earth before the flood from Adam to Noah, is only briefly sketched in Genesis Chapters 4, 5, 6 and 7. The years before the Flood and the flood itself occupy Chapters 8 and 9, and Chapters 10 and 11 ("The Table of Nations") show the early repopulating of the earth by the three sons of Noah and their descendants from the Fertile Crescent area to the four corners of the earth.
Adam and Eve were sent out of the garden after they had sinned against God. Their third son, Seth, was born when Adam was 130 years old (5:3). "According to the Bible, Adam lived for 930 years, Seth for 912, and Methuselah for 969—just 31 years short of a thousand! (Genesis 5:5, 8, 27)

"The Bible tells us that God made humans to live forever and that Adam’s sin (eating the forbidden fruit) brought imperfection and death to the human family. (Genesis 2:17; 3:17-19; Romans 5:12) Those who lived before the Flood had longevity. Methuselah, for instance, was only seven generations removed from Adam.—Luke 3:37.


(For example, Methuselah lived 969 years according to the genealogy. Differences of opinion exist regarding whether the genealogies should be taken as complete or abbreviated, hence the 6,000 to 10,000 year range usually quoted for the Earth's age.)



Genetic Theory:
It was hard for me to imagine humans living for hundreds of years, until a genius Ph.D. from Princeton explained the perfection of the original human DNA. All the races were contained in the master genome.


"The Tower of Babel!" One of the Earliest Representations of a Tower truly built was this one above, dated c. 1370  —The Biblical explanation for the different languages is documented in Genesis 11:1-9. This is an incredible story about "The Tower of Babel!" The generations following the Great Flood, spoke a single language and had migrated from the east to the land of Shinar, where they resolved to build a city and a tower "with its top reaching heaven." They became competitive with God, trying to show God they did not need Him. They named their tower, "Temple Tower" later known as "The Tower of Babel." God confound their language, so they could not understand one another's speech. They could they could no longer communicate. The tower was never completed, and the Lord scattered them a crossed earth, creating different nationalities. The word "Babel" comes from ancient Hebrew, "balal", meaning to jumble. The modern day Tower of Babel ruins on the outskirts of ancient Babylon-current day Iraq.


What happened in the Garden of Eden?
The story of Adam and Eve was based on the Egyptian's Book of the Dead. Trees were sacred to the Egyptians. Two of them were used often depicted in drawings: Nehet (Nut) and Hathor The Tree of Life.
Nut and Hathor were often shown to reach out from the tree to offer the deceased food and water. Sometimes the tree was anthropomorphized, having arms itself which offer the sustenance to the dead. In the example shown below, the deceased is suckled by such a tree. And it was referenced to a woman. The "Tree Goddess" was giving life or fruit.  This may explain why in the bible Eve was handing Adam an apple. It's too bad that Emperor Constantine's Council put in the bible that you were to take it  all on "faith" and not question anything. This error has lead mankind into a religious nightmare of 2,000 years of unnecessary wars.

The goddess Nut pours out the water and offers the fruit of the tree to Ani and his wife, when he has reached the garden of Amenta (Pap. of Ani, Plate 16).  


See below the third painting to the right— of Plate 16: "The Tree of Life."

The Story of Noah comes from the Babylonian Empire


As the centuries went by mankind became more and more corrupt, except for one man, Noah. 

(Gen. 6:8) 

The Epic of Gilgamesh is virtually identical to the story of Noah's Ark. It was written in 3600 BC predating Noah and Moses by hundreds years. Below is a map of the mass area of land that was in the Babylonian Empire in 606-536 BC.


The Babylonians made no secret that they were told about a flood from the Sumerians and a Sumerian version has been discovered which predates Moses by more than a thousand years. The Epic dates back to the third millennium BCE. This Epic Food appears to be a main source of the flood stories in Genesis. There were originally two stories written in Hebrew by two unknown authors, these were interleaved into the single Genesis account by a redactor (editor). There are about 20 points of similarity between the Bible story and the flood story in the Epic of Gilgamesh. The Hebrew version is a monotheistic re-writing of the original Babylonian polytheistic text. 

My Note: There has been 11 Ice Ages on the Planet Earth, therefore many floods. I would argue, not at the hand of an"angry god." This was invented by those that needed— to parent others.

There was a lot of fear 2,000 years ago, fear is like a virus that sprays on others. 

I listened to the King James Version of the bible on CD's for one year, over and over driving to and from bible college. It became clear to me that this religion was too dark for me, and nature proves to me that we do not have an evil God, which the bible was describing. I dug deep and did my research, and found it was false to a degree, some things in the bible are factual as far as history, but it's a dark history I never want to read again! Basically the religion of the land was chosen by the ruler and now this ruler of Christianity is the Pope. The followers of the bible are told they need a intercessor to God, i.e. a priest. Priest are told they cannot marry or leave they wealth to family, therefore everything stays in the church or political party. I am not saying that I do not love to sit in Cathedrals or listen to the choir and transcend from the liner to the nonlinear. I believe in life, and it's miraculousness. I believe we have support and unconditional love, but we are missing it for ourselves. I believe that the poorest most helpless person if they thrived could live an outrageously wonderful life. Look at Stephen Hawking!


One of the problems with this religion is it's about "sacrifice" which means it's entire premise is based on a weakness. When in reality our "greatness" has been hidden!


Do you know why Christianity became the number one religion on the planet? Empire of Rome Constantine was in the middle of a battle when he prayed to the new god Jesus or Christoph for help.

He won the battle and wanted Rome to worship his god. He called for the first Council of Nicaea to meet to create this religion. It was three hundred years after Jesus time and nothing was in writing down as a formal religion, it was more taught as a way of live, using parables. 

The Jewish people were waiting for Joshua- their God, during this period, and the ruler thought it would be nice if they joined him and believed in just one God. So, he wrote the end of their religious book for them, making the God they were waiting for his God.


Jesus plays no role in Judaism and their God YHVH -Yahushua is forbidden to be pronounced out loud. Everyone is afraid of God. What if God is like a Giant Body or Energy Wave and we (everything that exists) are the cells? If we are afraid of something we attack it and this becomes a tumor that we all suffer from, because we are all made up of the same thing. Qxygen-is not discriminating, why are we?


This concept is the opposite of the God in the bible who punishes to teach.




Comparing the stories

The Chaldean Flood Tablets (above) from the city of Ur in what is now Southern Iraq, describe how the Bablylonian God Ea had decided to eliminate humans and other land animals with a great flood which was to become "the end of all flesh." He selected Ut-Napishtim, to build an ark to save a few humans, and samples of other animals.

The Babylonian text "The Epic of Galgamesh" 1, 8 and the Hebrew story are essentially identical with about 20 major points in common. Their texts are obviously linked in some way. 

Either: Genesis was copied from an earlier Babylonian story, or
The Galgamesh myth was copied from an earlier Hebrew story, or
Both were copied from a common source that predates them both.
In both the Genesis and Galgamesh stories:

The Genesis story describes how mankind had become obnoxious to God; they were hopelessly sinful and wicked. In the Babylonian story, they were too numerous and noisy.

The Gods (or God) decided to send a worldwide flood. This would drown men, women, children, babies and infants, as well as eliminate all of the land animals and birds.
The Gods (or God) knew of one righteous man, Ut-Napishtim or Noah.
The Gods (or God) ordered the hero to build a multi-story wooden ark (called a chest or box in the original Hebrew).
The ark would be sealed with pitch.
The ark would have with many internal compartments
It would have a single door
It would have at least one window.
The ark was built and loaded with the hero, a few other humans, and samples from all species of other land animals.
A great rain covered the land with water.
The mountains were initially covered with water.
The ark landed on a mountain in the Middle East.
The hero sent out birds at regular intervals to find if any dry land was in the vicinity.
The first two birds returned to the ark. The third bird apparently found dry land because it did not return.
The hero and his family left the ark, ritually killed an animal, offered it as a sacrifice.
God (or the Gods in the Epic of Gilgamesh) smelled the roasted meat of the sacrifice.
The hero was blessed.
The Babylonian gods seemed genuinely sorry for the genocide that they had created. The God of Noah appears to have regretted his actions as well, because he promised never to do it again.
The were a number of differences between the two stories:

Noah received his instructions directly from Jehovah; Ut-Napishtim received them indirectly during a dream.

Noah's ark was 3 stories high and rectangular in shape. Two estimated dimensions are 547 x 91 ft. and 450 x 75 ft. The Babylonian ark was 6 stories high and square.
Ut-Napishtim invited additional people on board: a pilot and some skilled workmen.
Noah's ark landed on Mt. Ararat; Ut-Napishtim'sat on Mt. Nisir; these locations are both in the Middle East, and are located few hundred miles apart
In the Bible, some of the water emerged from beneath the earth. And the rains from above lasted for 40 days and nights. A 40 day interval often symbolized a period of judgment in the Hebrew Scriptures. 2 In the Babylonian account, the water came only in the form of rain, and lasted only 6 days.
Noah released a raven once and a dove twice; Ut-Napishtim released three birds: a dove, swallow and raven.

God told Noah to build an Ark, because he was going to flood the earth of sin.

Noah tried to warn everyone, but they laughed. It rained 40 days and 40 nights and flooded. Noah built the boat over 120 years. God sent the animals to Noah; one female and one male. Noah and his wife along with their three sons and three daughters-in-law, all boarded the boat for six months, God sparing them from the flood.

Noah was righteous and must have learned this important truth from his father Lamech. (Gen 5:28-29) who learned it from his father Methuselah, who learned it from his father Enoch. Enoch was so good; God took him to heaven without death! One of my favorite stories in the Old Testament.

Depiction of Noah's ark landing on the "mountains of Ararat", from the North French Hebrew Miscellany (13th century)














Noah's Ark
Noah's Ark came to rest on the mountains of Ararat in the northern fringe. (Gen. 8:4)
Noah's descendants established cities here such as Accad, Nineveh, and Babylon. (Gen. 10:9-12) Noah died 350 years after the Flood, at the age of 950

Abraham, the father of the Hebrew people, lived in two extremes of the area.(Gen.11:31)

UR in the south and later in Haran to the North. (Gen. 12:5)

The modern country of Iraq is practically co-extensive with ancient Mesopotamia except for the northern portion, which is now a part of Syria and Turkey.


The river-valley region was home to the development of several city state kingdoms such as Sumer, Akkad, Babylonia and Assyria, that flourished from about 5,000 B.C. to 500 B.C.



Mesopotamia inventions:
A. Calendar/dividing of time into 60 units.
B. First written language-called wedge shape writing, in reference to the shape of the letters
C. The construction of large temples, called Ziggurats or Temple Towers.
D. Plow and irrigation for farming.
E. The Wheel

By a system of canals, Mesopotamia was converted into the most attractive area of the Fertile Crescent. (See Map of Fertile Crescent area above in green) The success of the occupants of Mesopotamia stirred envy in the hearts of the mountain peoples along the eastern fringes and the desert peoples to the west and south. This led to periodic invasions by the surrounding inhabitants and largely contributed to the lack of a single predominant civilization such as Egypt.


The world became corrupt again with sin: which is what all Wars and Envisions are based on. A great example is our ancestors the English landing on America and taking the land away from the Indians. 


All through human existence we have been transcending our own "fears." Our brain fears that it is not safe. This is the "illusion" that causes what is called, 'Sin'.


Bible describes it this way…The world became corrupt with sin, so our merciful God chose Abraham to bless through all his descendants and gave Mosses the 10 Commandments, and the 613 laws in the Torah by which to live by. Later Emperor Constantine replace the Old Testament laws (Torah) with a new covenant the "New Testament."

"Christ as the sacrifice for our sins, which replaces the old covenant, or rather completes God's promise within it. 


Jesus was most likely Ethiopian, from the House of David, the Lion. Check out the Ethiopian Flag and their history.


Emperor Constantine wanted to make his God, the God that the Jewish People were waiting for and so he wrote his own ending to the Torah. If you were a King and believed your God was the real God, would you not try to convert everyone over….(Missionaries).  Constantine put a group of religious hierarchy together to piecemeal the "miraculous stories about Jesus or Christoph in Rome. But these stories were 300 years old and most of them were about Paranormal Events! These were unexplainable in any language. There were also stories in which the average man had God Powers, these were called the Gnostic Teachings, who believed Jesus taught them.  But, how could a ruler allow such a belief? So, they took Judaism and created an ending called the New Testament.


Even the Origins of the Ten Commandments come from the Egyptians Book of the Dead (a.k.a. the Papyrus of Ani) bears an amazing resemblance to the Ten Commandments. They involve prohibition of adultery, murder, theft, lying, cursing God, false witness, abandonment of parents. 8 Since the Book of the Dead predates the date attributed to the Jewish Exodus from Egypt, and since the Ten Commandments postdate the Exodus, it would appear that the Book was the source of the Decalogue rather than the opposite.


"The Book of the Dead." This Egyptian funeral ceremony was written circa 1800 BCE. The Schofield Reference Bible estimates that the Hebrew Exodus from Egypt and the provision of the Ten Commandments on Mount Sinai occurred in 1491 BCE., some three centuries later. Many historians have concluded that the Hebrew Scripture's Ten Commandments were based on this earlier hierogyphic texts, rather than vice-versa.


“They were not new codes of conduct invented for the Israelites, but were simply newly stated versions of the ritual confessions from the Papyrus of Nu. For example, the confession 'I have not killed' was transposed to the decree Thou shalt not kill; 'I have not stolen' became Thou shalt not steal; 'I have not told lies' became Thou shalt not bear false witness - and so on.”



Spell 125 of the Book of the Dead, contrary to the Book of Exodus, contains a moral code represented in a form of Negative Confession that the dead person has to recite when he descends to the hall of the Two Truths. He shall say: Hail to thee, great God, Lord of the Two Truths. I have come unto thee, my Lord, that thou mayest bring me to see thy beauty. I know thee, I know thy name, I know the names of the 42 Gods who are with thee in this broad hall of the Two Truths . . . Behold, I am come unto thee. I have brought thee truth; I have done away with sin for thee. I have not sinned against anyone. I have not mistreated people. I have not done evil instead of righteousness . . .
Chapter 125 of the Book of the Dead in the Papyrus of Ani.
Fertile Crescent (area in green) is the larger area around Mesopotamia, which included Patriarchal Canaan- (Israel, today) and Egypt.
The major east-west trade routes were established along the Fertile Crescent. Abraham, actually followed this route from ancient Ur in Mesopotamia, up and around the Fertile Crescent to Haran and down to the land of Canaan. What are the major geographic boundaries of the fertile crest?
Taurus Mt. (North)
Zagros Mt. (East)
Syro-Arabian Desert (Directly South)


Abraham's Path in Mesopotamia
Patriarchal Canaan
(Israel today)
Scripture often refers to the land from "Dan to Beersheba" as the "Promised Land." The land God promised to Abraham through his descendants, Isaac and then to Jacob.

Patriarchal Canaan is situated practically halfway between the Tigris/Euphrates Rivers and the Nile River. It was part of the Levant and served as a natural causeway or land bridge over which the armies of the Hittites, Egyptians, Assyrians and Babylonians passed in aggressive campaigns of war.


The older name of the land, Canaan, appears in Scripture as early as Genesis 11:31. Sometimes it has been known as the land of the Amorites or the land of Israel but for the last couple of millennia, it had been commonly known as Palestine until the re-birth of the nation of Israel in 1948. The name "Palestine" is derived from the Philistines who settled on the coastal plain.

In this communication from God to Abram (or Abraham) in the bible we discover three distinctive promises - the land promise, the national promise and the spiritual promise.


1. The Land Promise: "A land that I will show you."


2. The National Promise: "A great nation."


3. The Spiritual Promise: "All the families of the earth shall be blessed."

In order to understand these promises, we must follow them through the text of Scripture to the points of fulfillment. Our task is to track these three promises.



The Land Promise
God called Abram out of his homeland, "to a land" that He would show him. That's in Gen. 12:1 (the last phrase). Also in Genesis 12, observe the statement in verse 7. The Lord appeared to Abram and said, "To your descendants I will give this land." So, a land would be given to the descendants of Abram - that's the essence of the first promise.




Ex. 6:2-8
And God spoke to Moses and said to him: "I am the Lord. I appeared to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob, as God Almighty, but by My name Lord I was not known to them. I have also established My covenant with them, to give them the land of Canaan, the land of their pilgrimage, in which they were strangers. And I have also heard the groaning of the children of Israel whom the Egyptians keep in bondage, and I have remembered My covenant. Therefore say to the children of Israel: 'I am the Lord; I will bring you out from under the burdens of the Egyptians, I will rescue you from their bondage, and I will redeem you with an outstretched arm and with great judgments. I will take you as My people, and I will be your God. Then you shall know that I am the Lord your God who brings you out from under the burdens of the Egyptians. And I will bring you into the land which I swore to give to Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob; and I will give it to you as a heritage: I am the Lord.'"

This is what God said to Moses, the leader of Israelite nation. At the time God said this to Moses they were not there yet. But this statement adds testimony and confirms that the land promise to Abraham's descendants has to do with the Israelite nation entering the promised land, Canaan.



Deut. 1:6-8
"The Lord our God spoke to us in Horeb, saying: 'You have dwelt long enough at this mountain. Turn and take your journey, and go to the mountains of the Amorites, to all the neighboring places in the plain, in the mountains and in the lowland, in the South and on the seacoast, to the land of the Canaanites and to Lebanon, as far as the great river, the River Euphrates.

Moses was speaking to the nation of Israel in the land of Moab, east of the Jordan.



Joshua 1:1-6.
After the death of Moses the servant of the Lord, it came to pass that the Lord spoke to Joshua the son of Nun, Moses' assistant, saying: "Moses My servant is dead. Now therefore, arise, go over this Jordan, you and all this people, to the land which I am giving to them-the children of Israel. Every place that the sole of your foot will tread upon I have given you, as I said to Moses. From the wilderness and this Lebanon as far as the great river, the River Euphrates, all the land of the Hittites, and to the Great Sea toward the going down of the sun, shall be your territory. No man shall be able to stand before you all the days of your life; as I was with Moses, so I will be with you. I will not leave you nor forsake you. Be strong and of good courage, for to this people you shall divide as an inheritance the land which I swore to their fathers to give them.


Acts 7:2-5 vss. 44-46
And he said, "Brethren and fathers, listen: The God of glory appeared to our father Abraham when he was in Mesopotamia, before he dwelt in Haran, and said to him, 'Get out of your country and from your relatives, and come to a land that I will show you.' Then he came out of the land of the Chaldeans and dwelt in Haran. And from there, when his father was dead, He moved him to this land in which you now dwell. And God gave him no inheritance in it, not even enough to set his foot on. But even when Abraham had no child, He promised to give it to him for a possession, and to his descendants after him.

"Our fathers had the tabernacle of witness in the wilderness, as He appointed, instructing Moses to make it according to the pattern that he had seen, which our fathers, having received it in turn, also brought with Joshua into the land possessed by the Gentiles, whom God drove out before the face of our fathers until the days of David, who found favor before God and asked to find a dwelling for the God of Jacob. But Solomon built Him a house.



Psalms 105:7-13, 42-45
7 He is the LORD our God;
His judgments are in all the earth.
8 He remembers His covenant forever,
The word which He commanded, for a thousand generations,
9 The covenant which He made with Abraham,
And His oath to Isaac,
10 And confirmed it to Jacob for a statute,
To Israel as an everlasting covenant,
11 Saying, "To you I will give the land of Canaan
As the allotment of your inheritance,"
12 When they were few in number,
Indeed very few, and strangers in it.
13 When they went from one nation to another,
From one kingdom to another people,

42 For He remembered His holy promise,

And Abraham His servant.
43 He brought out His people with joy,
His chosen ones with gladness.
44 He gave them the lands of the Gentiles,
And they inherited the labor of the nations,
45 That they might observe His statutes
And keep His laws.
Praise the Lord!

God did what He said. He said this land would be given to the descendants of Abraham. The Bible says God did that. He fulfilled that promise. Joshua believed this, for just before his death he said to the people: "...not one thing has failed of all the good things which the Lord your God spoke concerning you," (Josh. 23:15).



The Second Promise: A Nation
God fulfilled the second promise when He formed a great nation from the descendants of Abraham. The following passages show the fulfillment of the second promise.


In Gen. 46:3,
God spoke to Israel, the man also called Jacob, and God said: "I am God, the God of your father; do not fear to go down to Egypt, for I will make of you a great nation there." This is what God said to Abraham's grandson Jacob (called Israel after Gen. 32) and the descendants of Abraham were called Israel, the children of Israel; Israelites - who went down to Egypt as the family of Joseph, but came out - a great nation.

After the family arrived in Egypt and were cared for by Joseph, he died, and the family grew. Exodus 1:7 says: "But the children of Israel were fruitful and increased abundantly, multiplied and grew exceedingly mightily; and the land was filled with them."



In Deut. 1,
Moses is addressing the nation of Israel, east of the Jordan, with these words:
1:8 Behold, I have set the land before you: go in and possess the land which the LORD swear unto your fathers, Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, to give unto them and to their seed after them.
1:9 And I spake unto you at that time, saying, I am not able to bear you myself alone:
1:10 The Lord your God hath multiplied you, and, behold, ye are this day as the stars of heaven for multitude.
1:11 (The Lord God of your fathers make you a thousand times so many more as ye are, and bless you, as he hath promised you!)


Hebrews 11:11-12
11 By faith Sarah herself also received strength to conceive seed, and she bore a child when she was past the age, because she judged Him faithful who had promised. 12Therefore from one man, and him as good as dead, were born as many as the stars of the sky in multitude-innumerable as the sand which is by the seashore.

God formed a nation out of the descendants of Abraham through Isaac and gave them the land of Canaan in the days of Joshua. This is the fulfillment of two of the promises God made to Abraham: The land promise and the national promise. We have one more promise, but something needs attention first.


When we talk about God forming a nation from the descendants of Abraham and giving them the land of Canaan there is something else to be considered: God told this nation, God told His people - if they sinned, they would be driven out of the land He had given them:



Lev. 26:27-39
27 'And after all this, if you do not obey Me, but walk contrary to Me,
28 then I also will walk contrary to you in fury;
and I, even I, will chastise you seven times for your sins.
29 You shall eat the flesh of your sons, and you shall eat the flesh of your daughters.
30 I will destroy your high places, cut down your incense altars, and cast your carcasses on the lifeless forms of your idols;
and My soul shall abhor you.
31 I will lay your cities waste and bring your sanctuaries to desolation, and I will not smell the fragrance of your sweet aromas.
32 I will bring the land to desolation, and your enemies who dwell in it shall be astonished at it.
33 I will scatter you among the nations and draw out a sword after you;
your land shall be desolate and your cities waste.
34 Then the land shall enjoy its sabbaths as long as it lies desolate and you are in your enemies' land;
then the land shall rest and enjoy its sabbaths.
35 As long as it lies desolate it shall rest-
for the time it did not rest on your sabbaths when you dwelt in it.
36 'And as for those of you who are left, I will send faintness into their hearts in the lands of their enemies;
the sound of a shaken leaf shall cause them to flee;
they shall flee as though fleeing from a sword, and they shall fall when no one pursues.
37 They shall stumble over one another, as it were before a sword, when no one pursues;
and you shall have no power to stand before your enemies.
38 You shall perish among the nations, and the land of your enemies shall eat you up.
39 And those of you who are left shall waste away in their iniquity in your enemies' lands; also in their fathers' iniquities, which are with them, they shall waste away.


Deut. 30:17-20
17 But if your heart turns away so that you do not hear, and are drawn away, and worship other gods and serve them, 18I announce to you today that you shall surely perish; you shall not prolong your days in the land which you cross over the Jordan to go in and possess. 19I call heaven and earth as witnesses today against you, that I have set before you life and death, blessing and cursing; therefore choose life, that both you and your descendants may live; 20that you may love the Lord your God, that you may obey His voice, and that you may cling to Him, for He is your life and the length of your days; and that you may dwell in the land which the Lord swore to your fathers, to Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, to give them."


CONCLUSION:
Let's put all this together: God promised Abraham that a great nation would be formed from his descendants and they would be given the land of Canaan. The Bible reports that— God said, sin would result in them being driven from their land. The Israelites sinned grievously, and although Jehovah was patient and long suffering with them - God eventually did what He said, according to the Old Testament.  

My Note*( This sounds like a horror film rated R for God's Violence. :) ugh!


The northern kingdom of Israel was carried away into Assyrian Captivity in 733 B.C. 

(2 Kings 17:5-6, 22-23).

The southern kingdom of Judah was carried away into Babylonian Captivity in about four stages of expulsions (2 Chron. 36, Dan. 1, 2 Kings 24).


God said this captivity would last seventy years, then only a remnant would be restored to the land, not the whole nation. (Isa. 10:20-25; Jer. 23:3-4).


Now back to the promises to Abraham, revealed in Genesis 12.


We know about the fulfillment of two of those promises: God formed a nation from the offspring of Abraham; that nation was Israel; the land promise was fulfilled when they came into the land of Canaan under Joshua.

We have one more promise: "And in you all the families of the earth shall be blessed."  


My Note *( Remember this is from the Old Testament from the Jewish Torah. These promises are to the Jewish People, no one else. The New Testament created by the political party pretended to "covered us" by giving us a way to become "chosen by God." Just say, "Jesus is my savior, and except the story, that God sacrificed his only son --because we were born into sin----remember Eve and the Apple.


Back to the final History of the Bible:

We started our study in Genesis in chapter eleven and twelve with our focus on Abraham and his family; then Isaac; then Jacob or Israel; then the nation formed, called Israel, and the giving of Canaan to that nation.

Now in this third promise the statement is not confined to an immediate, single family or a single nation, but "all .... all the families of the earth!"


What did God do that holds opportunity for "all?"
What gift from God is available to bless "all the families of the earth?"---guess?


John 3:16
For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have everlasting life.


Peter 2:24
Who his own self bare our sins in his own body on the tree, that we, being dead to sins, should live unto righteousness: by whose stripes ye were healed.


1 John 2:2
And he is the propitiation for our sins: and not for ours only, but also for [the sins of] the whole world.
Lake of Fire is Pre-Biblical. On the walls inside tombs in the Pyramids of Giza, Egypt.
The theory appears to mean the soul is cleaned with fire before reaching "Heaven."
What is the origin of Revelations?
From ancient Egyptian writings: The Egyptian Amduat and the Book of Gates

The following is but a small portion of the list of parallels between events and characters described in the Book of Revelation and ancient Egyptian writings:


GENERAL


1. Parallel passages to the Egyptian Amduat and the Book of Gates are found in two distinctive groups: the first is found in Rev. 5-14 and the other is in Rev. 15-22.


2. All the major events described in Revelation follow the same sequence as as their parallels in Egyptian sources.


3. Practically all of Revelation’s main characters (God, the Lamb, Christ, Satan, angels and etc.) appear in the same order as in their Egyptian counterparts.


4. The sequence of the scenes in the Book of Revelation conforms with the sequence of parallel scenes written on the walls and ceilings of a single tomb in Egypt’s Valley of the Kings.


SPECIFIC


Here is just a small portion of the numerous similarities between ancient Egyptian sources and the Book of Revelation:


1. The opening scene in Egypt's Book of the Dead (Chapter 30B) is extremely similar to the opening scene of Rev. 1-2.


2. Practically all the main elements (knowledge of peoples deeds, rebellious activities, etc.) in the letters to the seven churches (Rev. 3-4) are present in a group of six consecutive chapters in the Egyptian Book of the Dead plus one in the Book of Caverns. The structure of two of the letters has the same form as Egyptian sources.


2. The entire middle section of the 6th Division of ancient Egypt's Amduat is similar to the one describing the opening of the scroll in Rev. 5:1-9. Almost all characters and events follow the same order in both sources.


3. The unusual scene describing the cries of the souls those slain in Rev. 6:9-11 is remarkably similar to that depicting the cries of the souls slain in the 8th Division of the Amduat.


4. Egyptian names with similar meanings as those of the tribes of Israel in Rev. 7:4-8 are present in a single group of 24 characters in the Amduat. Also, the individual groups in the two sources have the similar physical characteristics.


5. The scene describing the four angels and the four winds in Rev. 7:1-3 bears an extraordinary resemblance to a scene prominently displayed on the wall of a tomb in Egypt's the Valley of the Kings.


6. Multitudes with palm branches in their hands described in Rev. 7:9

are also shown in the 7th and 9th Divisions of the Amduat.

7. Apocalyptic events in the Book of Revelation, taken as a whole, are those normally associated with an eruption of an island volcano. A number of events in Egyptian sources also describe a volcanic eruption which conforms with modern knowledge of an eruption in the Aegean Sea in the 17th century BCE.


8. In what is possibly the most remarkable grouping of parallels found, the 1st beast, 2nd beast and the image of the 1st beast in Rev. 13 are not only clearly identified in the 4th Division of Amduat, but the order in which they appear and the events in which they are involved are in the same order in both sources. Even Revelation's use of the most enigmatic number, "666," for the name of the 1st beast has a very simple explanation when viewed from an ancient Egyptian perspective.


9. The capture of Apophis, the ancient serpent, illustrated in the 10th Division of the Book of Gates conform with those described in the capture of Satan, the “ancient serpent” in Rev. 20:1-3,


10. The 10th Division of Egypt's Book of Gates refers to the reign of the Lamb (the juvenile form of the sun-god Re) for a thousand year period, just as we find in Rev. 20:2. Similarities include martyrs (as in Rev. 20:4-5), the resurrected made priests (as in Rev. 20:6) and Satan’s release from prison and his subsequent recapture (as in Rev. 20:7-10).


11. The judgment of the dead (Rev. 20:11-15) (including the great and the small), the opening of the books (with an emphasis on those who had died by drowning), and of the resurrection and punishment of the wicked are all emphasized in Egypt's Book of Night.


12.The final picture in the Book of Gates contains practically all the elements of Rev. 21:1-8. For example: a new creation including a new heaven and earth, the arrival of a new holy city and the dwelling place of God and his faithful followers. Revelation's bride is readily identifiable as Egypt’s holy city.


13. The physical description of the holy city in Rev. 21:10 to 22:5 conforms with ancient Egypt’s heavenly city --- including the functions of its walls, the number of guarded gates and the river which runs through it with banks where various kinds of plants grow.

My memoir  "From Hollywood to God"  is now on Amazon and Kindle books!

Sneak-A-Peek Below!
My first stop was to The World Sound Healing Conference in San Francisco. I wanted to understand the science of frequencies, especially if everything in the universe was vibrating to their own unique song!

I waited in the large conference room to hear Dr. Susan Yale's lecture on the Harmonic Oscillator.

The room went black and three pyramids projected on a movie screen.


"You can hear the sound of "nature" between the Pyramids of Giza," Dr. Yale said, pausing, "it's a perfect F Sharp."

No one moved. She spoke slowly, "If you knew there was a place in the world where you could hear God, would you go?"

I always wanted to sleep on the Nile!"

~ from my Memoir, (click link—"From Hollywood to God"  Kelly Granite Enck on Amazon books and Kindle.
Giza, Egypt
Hiking through Bhutan

Tiger's Temple, Thailand
River Kwai, Thailand

The Kingdom of Bhutan



Peru
Tiger's Nest Bhutan


Click link— "From Hollywood to God"  to read my memoir.
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